Imperialism In Africa And India Essay

European Imperialism In India Essay

Throughout history, countries have extended their rule and government to other countries. This is called Imperialism. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, imperialism became an important issue in India. The Europeans, namely the British, began colonizing vast portions of India. These imperialistic movements had varying effects, some with positive repercussions, while other effects ended negatively.

The British took control of India knowing they would gain much by doing so. In an excerpt from O.P. Austin's "Does Colonization Pay?" he states, "Modern progressive nations seek to control "garden spots" in the tropics," or areas of the country that have the tropical produce the British citizens need. The British were also able to create laws that were unjust to the Indians. By supplying India with railways, roads, canals, and telegraph systems, the British were able to control India better by making the citizens dependent on them.

Although the colonization of their country was viewed as unjust by Indians, the people gained many things from the British occupation. The British modernized India in many ways when they took control. In his writings, Austin tells us, "They [British] develop the territory by building roads, canals, railways, and telegraphs. The progressive nations can establish schools and newspapers for the people of the colonies." The children were given western educations, which put them more in touch with the more modern world. In his works titled India: A Restatement, Sir Reginald Coupland writes, "One result of the new order was a steady rise in the value of India's export trade." This changed India's economic status. Coupland also mentions the British' "Early action...taken to stop infanticide [the killing of girl babies]," as well as forbidding slave trade. The British changed India culturally by banning those customs. India adopted a parliamentary system, the British from of government. With the British running the government, there was a political tranquility and order in India. The British-controlled government was of great aid to the natives as it helped to lessen fighting between Hindu, Muslim, and Sikh separatists.

Positive affects aside, imperialism had a negative toll on India as well. The way of life was dismantled. The foreign rulers lived on whatever land they pleased. Dadabhai Naoroji gave a speech in which he said, "Europeans [the British] occupy almost all the higher...

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British Imperialism in India and China Essay

736 Words3 Pages

British Imperialism in India and China

Imperialism is the domination of a weaker country by a stronger country. For instance Britain dominated India and China in the mid 1880s to the beginning of the 20th century. Imperialism has had both a positive and negative effects on the countries involved. Britain was imperialistic for many reasons, it could dominate because it had the technology and power to do so. They also needed land to acquire raw materials for growing markets.

One country that had imperialism was India. By the mid-1880s, the British East India Company controlled three fifths of India. The cause of British domination was that the land was very diverse and the people could not unite and that the British either paid…show more content…

In 1885, nationalist leaders organized the Indian National Congress who called for greater democracy which they felt would bring more power to themselves. Other Indian nationalists, took a more radical, anti-British stand. I believe this is positive because I feel that the first instance of British resistance was the first step towards independence. Negative effects of the imperialistic rule in India were that there was a rapid population growth , hence, there was a strain on the food supply, especially since farmland was turned into cash crops instead of food. They cleared new farmlands which led to massive deforestation and other environmental destruction. Also, in the late 1800s terrible famines swept India. The railroads could not carry food to the suffering areas, but overall, millions of Indian peasants sank deeply into poverty.

Another country that had imperialistic rule was China. The British forced the Chinese to trade with them. As the result of the Opium War, which China lost, they had to accept extraterritoriality. In 1894, Japanese pressure on China led to war. Japan crushed China and western powers moved quickly to carve out spheres of influences on the Chinese coast. Imperial powers accepted the idea of an Open Door Policy, where trade was open to everyone. Negative effects China had were that there land was carved up, they most many rights and people due to wars. Poverty and misery increased, while no nationalism occurred. Chinese

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