Flood Disaster In Pakistan 2014 Essay Examples

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The following is a list of floods in Pakistan.

  • In 2003, Sindh province was badly affected when above normal monsoon rainfall caused flooding in the province; urban flooding also hit Karachi where two days of rainfall of 284.5 millimetres (11.20 in) created havoc in the city, while Thatta district was the worst hit where 404 millimetres (15.9 in) rainfall caused flash floods in the district. At least 484 people died and some 4,476 villages in the province were affected.[1][2][3]
  • In 2007, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh and coastal Balochistan were badly affected due to monsoon rainfall. Sindh and coastal Balochistan were affected by Cyclone Yemyin in June and then torrential rains in July and August, while Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa was affected by melting glaciers and heavy rainfall in July and August. At least 130 people died and 2,000 were displaced in Khyber-Pakhtunkwain in July and 22 people died in August, while 815 people died in Balochistan and Sindh due to flash floods.[4]
  • In 2010, almost all of Pakistan was affected when massive flooding caused by record breaking rains hit Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab. The number of individuals affected by the flooding exceeds the combined total of individuals affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the 2005 Kashmir earthquake and the 2010 Haiti earthquake.[5] At least 2,000 people died in this flood and almost 20 million people were affected by it.[6]
  • In September 2011, at least 361 people were killed, some 5.3 million people and 1.2 million homes affected as well 1.7 million acres of arable land inundated when massive floods swept across the province of Sindh as a result of monsoon rains (see 2011 Sindh floods).[7]
  • In September 2012, more than 100 people died, and thousands of homes destroyed, with thousands of acres of arable land affected when intense rainfall battered Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, Southern Punjab and Upper Sindh. As a result of monsoon rains (see 2012 Pakistan Floods).[8]
  • In August 2013, more than 80 people died (see 2013 Afghanistan–Pakistan floods).
  • In September 2014 Due to massive rain in Jammu and Kashmir as well as Azad Jammu and Kashmir and in Punjab [9] Constituted flood situation in River Chanab and River Jhelum.[10]

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Damage caused by the floods of 2010

In the first week of September 2014, heavy monsoon rains and floods in the catchment areas of India's eastern rivers of Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, and Jhelum, resulted in flash floods in Punjab, Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJ&K). The floods killed 367 people and affected more than 2.5 million people, and 129,880 houses were damaged or destroyed. Over 1 million acres of cropland and 250,000 farmers were affected, in most cases resulting in the loss of standing food, fodder or cash crops. Non-farm sources of livelihoods and services affected include many small enterprises, manufacturing and processing businesses and loss of wage employment due to disruption of the economy. (Govt, 11 Nov 2014)

As as the flood waters subsided, the majority of the population displaced by the floods returned to their place of origin and started recovery activities. In addition, three months on, the major immediate public health concerns related to acute respiratory illnesses, diarrhoea and skin diseases which necessitated provision of emergency health services have since dissipated. The IFRC revised its appeal down to CHF 1,097,926 to support 70,000 people for seven months, focusing on food and relief item distributions, health and hygiene promotion, emergency shelter assistance. (IFRC, 29 Jan 2015)

Of the total expenditure, CHF 722,786 was spent on relief items, construction and supplies, while CHF 129,214 covered costs that enabled the delivery of assistance to beneficiaries, such as logistics, distribution and monitoring. Finally, CHF 38,663 was utilized for personnel costs (including per diem for volunteers and salaries for PRCS and IFRC staff in Islamabad supporting the operation). (IFRC Final report, 23 Jul 2015)

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